2D or not 2D? The impact of nanoscale roughness and substrate interactions on the tribological properties of graphene and MoS2 Academic Article uri icon


  • 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd. The use of 2D nanomaterials for controlling friction and wear at interfaces has received increased attention over the past few years due to their unique structural, thermal, electrical and mechanical properties. These materials proffer potential critical solutions to challenges in boundary lubrication across numerous platforms ranging from engines, to biomedical implants and micro- and nano-scaled machines that will play a major role in the Internet of Things. There has been significant work on a range of 2D nanomaterials, such as graphene and molybdenum disulfide (MoS2). From these studies, their frictional properties have been shown to be highly dependent on numerous factors, such as substrate structure, strain, and competing chemical interactions between the interfaces in sliding contact. Moreover, when considering real contacts in machined interfaces, these surfaces are often composed of nanoscaled asperities, whose intermittent contact dominates the tribochemical processes that result in wear. In this review we aim to capture recent work on the tribological properties of graphene and MoS2and to discuss the impacts of surface roughness (from the atomic scale to the nanoscale) and chemical interactions at interfaces on their frictional properties, and their use in designing advanced boundary lubrication schemes.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 1.35

author list (cited authors)

  • Elinski, M. B., Liu, Z., Spear, J. C., & Batteas, J. D.

citation count

  • 33

complete list of authors

  • Elinski, Meagan B||Liu, Zhuotong||Spear, Jessica C||Batteas, James D

publication date

  • March 2017