Creative Conflict in African American Thought: Frederick Douglass, Alexander Crummell, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Du Bois, and Marcus Garvey;Photography on the Color Line: W. E. B. Du Bois, Race, and Visual Culture;Manning the Race: Reforming Black Men in the Jim Crow Era Academic Article uri icon

published proceedings

  • American Literature

author list (cited authors)

  • Dworkin, I.

publication date

  • January 1, 2005 11:11 AM