Ethanol fermentation performance of grain sorghums (Sorghum bicolor) with modified endosperm matrices. Academic Article uri icon


  • We tested 13 sorghum entries (lines and hybrids) with different endosperm matrices for ethanol production using a laboratory dry grind process. Waxy and heterowaxy samples had the highest efficiencies. Free amino nitrogen (FAN) contents in sorghum samples were positively related to the fermentation rate during fermentation (R2=0.8618). Dried distiller's grain with solubles (DDGS) from different sorghums had significantly different crude protein and crude fat contents. Residual starch content in DDGS ranged from 0.60% for the most efficient sample to 2.66% for the least efficient sample. This study showed that the HD lines (TX1, TX3, TX5, TX7, and TX9) with modified endosperm protein matrix have several attributes desirable for ethanol production: easily pasted starch granules, significantly higher FAN content in finished mashes, 30-45% faster ethanol fermentation rate during early stages, and 50-60% higher lysine content in DDGS.

published proceedings

  • J Agric Food Chem

author list (cited authors)

  • Wu, X., Jampala, B., Robbins, A., Hays, D., Yan, S., Xu, F., ... Wang, D.

citation count

  • 42

complete list of authors

  • Wu, Xiaorong||Jampala, Babitha||Robbins, Adriana||Hays, Dirk||Yan, Shuping||Xu, Feng||Rooney, William||Peterson, Gary||Shi, Yong-Cheng||Wang, Donghai

publication date

  • September 2010