Superfluorescence without inversion in coherently driven three-level systems
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A superfluorescence effect in a V-type medium with initial Raman inversion, driven by a strong coherent field on one of the transitions, is studied analytically and numerically. It is shown that the collective spontaneous emission evolves in the presence of a minor population of an upper state of a superfluorescent transition. In the limit of the Rabi frequency of a driving field large compared to that of a superfluorescent pulse, the system of two equations for the fields and density-matrix equations for three states of the medium is reduced to Maxwell-Bloch equations for an effective two-level system. The shape of a superfluorescent pulse is perfectly described in terms of a slowly varying envelope function (which is a solution of the Maxwell-Bloch equations), filled with fast oscillations associated with Rabi floppings on the driving transition. In the average, i.e., after integrating over a period of Rabi oscillations, the upper superfluorescent state is populated less than other states, such that the phenomenon may be called “superfluorescence without inversion” by analogy with lasing without inversion. © 1999 The American Physical Society.
author list (cited authors)
Kozlov, V., Kocharovskaya, O., Rostovtsev, Y., & Scully, M
complete list of authors
Kozlov, Victor||Kocharovskaya, Olga||Rostovtsev, Yuri||Scully, Marlan