Antikaon flow in heavy-ion collisions: Effects of absorption and mean-field potential.
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We study antikaon flow in heavy-ion collisions at SIS energies based on the relativistic transport model (RVUU 1.0). The production of antikaons from both baryon-baryon and pion-baryon collisions are included. Taking into account only elastic and inelastic collisions of the antikaon with nucleons and neglecting its mean-field potential as in the cascade model, a strong antiflow or anticorrelation of antikaons with respect to nucleons is seen as a result of the strong absorption of antikaons by nucleons. However, the antiflow of antikaons disappears after including also their propagation in the attractive mean-field potential. The experimental measurement of antikaon flow in heavy-ion collision will be very useful in shedding light on the relative importance of antikaon absorption versus its mean-field potential.
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