Heavy-quark diffusion and hadronization in quark-gluon plasma
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We calculate diffusion and hadronization of heavy quarks in high-energy heavy-ion collisions, implementing the notion of a strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma in both micro- and macroscopic components. The diffusion process is simulated using relativistic Fokker-Planck dynamics for elastic scattering in a hydrodynamic background. The heavy-quark transport coefficients in the medium are obtained from nonperturbative T-matrix interactions which build up resonant correlations close to the transition temperature. The latter also form the basis for hadronization of heavy quarks into heavy-flavor mesons via recombination with light quarks from the medium. The pertinent resonance recombination satisfies energy conservation and provides an equilibrium mapping between quark and meson distributions. The recombination probability is derived from the resonant heavy-quark scattering rate. Recombination is found to dominate at low transverse momentum (pT) and to yield to fragmentation at high p T. Our approach emphasizes the role of resonance correlations in the diffusion and hadronization processes. Calculations of the nuclear modification factor and elliptic flow of D and B mesons and their decay electrons in Au-Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider indicate the importance of a realistic medium flow in a quantitative interpretation of heavy-flavor data. 2012 American Physical Society.
author list (cited authors)
He, M., Fries, R. J., & Rapp, R.