Short-wavelength infrared second harmonic generation in quantum cascade lasers
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We propose an electrically pumped intersubband laser capable of operating at short infrared wavelengths ∼1.5-2.5 μm. Short-wavelength operation is achieved via resonant intracavity second harmonic generation in quantum cascade (QC) lasers based on high band offset heterostructures. This approach overcomes the fundamental problem of intervalley scattering that prohibits direct lasing in QC lasers in this spectral range. The proposed devices can be modulated at a rate exceeding 100 GHz, which may be interesting for a variety of applications. We present detailed calculations of bandstructure design, phase-matched waveguide, and current-output power dependence for the devices based on GaInAs/AlAsSb/InP heterostructures. Accurate position of highly excited subbands is determined by calculating the conduction band (CB) dispersion with the energy-dependent 14-band effective mass, in which matrix elements are adjusted to fit the CB structure obtained with a 30-band k·p method. We also discuss the controversial location of lateral valleys, which imposes the limitation on the fundamental laser transition energy. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
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