Transverse injection through diamond and circular ports into a Mach 5.0 freestream
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Sonic transverse gaseous injection into a Mach 5.0 freestream flow was numerically simulated using two-equation and detached-eddy turbulence models. Circular- and diamond-shaped injectors were investigated in this study. The numerical simulations were compared with available experimental results and it was determined that both the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes and detached-eddy simulation models captured the secondary flow structure. A detailed comparison of the secondary structures was performed for both injectors. Two new vortex structures of practical importance were observed in the diamond-injector flowfield. First, a leading-edge mixing mechanism was identified. Second, a trapped lateral counter-rotating vortex pair was produced. These new structures were observed in both Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes and detached-eddy simulation simulations. The detached-eddy simulations indicated that the large-scale structures observed in the plume/wake region of the flowfield were more organized in the diamond-injector test case. To better understand the secondary flow advection mechanism, the magnitudes of the terms in the compressible vorticity transport equation were compared. The diamond-injector structured-grid Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes solution was used as a baseline for this study. The inviscid compressibility, vortex-stretching, and baroclinic-torque terms were dominant. Downstream of the barrel-shock region, the baroclinic term was found to diminish when compared with the other inviscid terms. Planar-averaged results for the transport quantities confirmed this behavior. Vortex stretching was found to persist the longest. Copyright 2008 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved.