Semiparametric estimation of fixed-effects panel data varying coefficient models
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We consider the problem of estimating a varying coefficient panel data model with fixed-effects (FE) using a local linear regression approach. Unlike first-differenced estimator, our proposed estimator removes FE using kernel-based weights. This results a one-step estimator without using the backfitting technique. The computed estimator is shown to be asymptotically normally distributed. A modified least-squared cross-validatory method is used to select the optimal bandwidth automatically. Moreover, we propose a test statistic for testing the null hypothesis of a random-effects varying coefficient panel data model against an FE one. Monte Carlo simulations show that our proposed estimator and test statistic have satisfactory finite sample performance.