Prediction and Tolerance Intervals With Transformation and/or Weighting Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We consider estimation of quantiles and construction of prediction and tolerance intervals for a new response following a possibly nonlinear regression fit with transformation and/or weighting. We consider the case of normally distributed errors and, to a lesser extent, the nonparametric case in which the error distribution is unknown. Quantile estimation here follows standard theory, although we introduce a simple computational device for likelihood ratio testing and confidence intervals. Prediction and tolerance intervals are somewhat more difficult to obtain. We show that the effect of estimating parameters when constructing tolerance intervals can be expected to be greater than the effect in the prediction problem. Improved prediction and tolerance intervals are constructed based on resampling techniques. In the tolerance interval case, a simple analytical correction is introduced. We apply these methods to the prediction of automobile stopping distances and salmon production using, respectively, a heteroscedastic regression model and a transformation model. © 1991 American statistical association and the American society for quality control.

author list (cited authors)

  • Carroll, R. J., & Ruppert, D.

citation count

  • 26

publication date

  • May 1991