Comparison of the 60- and 100-Item NCI-Block Questionnaires With Validation Data
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Large epidemiological studies often require short food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) to minimize the respondent burden or to control for confounding from dietary factors. In this analysis, we compared the extensively used National Cancer Institute-Block 60- and 100-item FFQs with one another and with usual intake as estimated from 12 days of validation data. The analysis focused on nutrients from different aspects of the diet, including energy, fat, saturated fat, beta-carotene, dietary fiber, and vitamin C. By use of an errors-in-variables analysis, the correlations of usual intake with the two types of FFQs for these nutrients were not different. Attenuation coefficients, a measure of misclassification error, for both FFQs were of similar magnitude and indicated that substantial attenuation of logistic regression coefficients would result from either FFQ. Our results confirm previous analyses describing the validity and utility of the 60-item FFQ (Epidemiology 1, 58-64, 1990) and indicate that it is essentially equivalent to the 100-item FFQ for epidemiological analyses of major nutrients.
author list (cited authors)
Potischman, N., Carroll, R. J., Iturria, S. J., Mittl, B., Curtin, J., Thompson, F. E., & Brinton, L. A.