Direct analysis of spectra of the type Ic supernova SN 1994I Academic Article uri icon


  • Synthetic spectra generated with the parameterized supernova synthetic-spectrum code SYNOW are compared to observed photospheric-phase spectra of the Type Ic supernova SN 1994I. The observed optical spectra can be well matched by synthetic spectra that are based on the assumption of spherical symmetry. We consider the identification of the infrared absorption feature observed near 10250 Å, which previously has been attributed to He I λ10830 and regarded as strong evidence that SN 1994I ejected some helium. We have difficulty accounting for the infrared absorption with He I alone. It could be a blend of He I and C I lines. Alternatively, we find that it can be fitted by Si I lines without compromising the fit in the optical region. In synthetic spectra that match the observed spectra, from 4 days before to 26 days after the time of maximum brightness, the adopted velocity at the photosphere decreases from 17,500 to 7000 km s-1. Simple estimates of the kinetic energy carried by the ejected mass give values that are near the canonical supernova energy of 1051 ergs. The velocities and kinetic energies that we find for SN 1994I in this way are much lower than those that we find elsewhere for the peculiar Type Ic SNe 1997ef and 1998bw, which therefore appear to have been hyperenergetic.

author list (cited authors)

  • Millard, J., Branch, D., Baron, E., Hatano, K., Fisher, A., Filippenko, A. V., ... Wheeler, J. C

complete list of authors

  • Millard, J||Branch, D||Baron, E||Hatano, K||Fisher, A||Filippenko, AV||Kirshner, RP||Challis, PM||Fransson, C||Panagia, N||Phillips, MM||Sonneborn, G||Suntzeff, NB||Wagoner, RV||Wheeler, JC

publication date

  • January 1, 1999 11:11 AM