Electrical transport, heat capacity, and high-field magnetization study in intermetallic Ni2CeSn compound
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Magnetization, heat capacity, and electrical resistivity measurements were performed on a Ni2 CeSn compound (orthorhombic structure) in the temperature range of 2-300 K. This compound is paramagnetic down to 6 K. At higher temperatures above T=150 K, the magnetic susceptibility obeys Curie-Weiss behavior yielding an effective magnetic moment eff =2.56 B f.u., which is very close to that of the free Ce3+ ion (2.54 B) with a high negative Curie-Weiss temperature, CW =-170 K. As the temperature is decreased, the magnetic moment decreases gradually to 0.43 B f.u. at 4.2 K. We also infer that, based on the high field (up to 23 T) magnetization and the magnetic susceptibility data, a crystal-field splitting of cerium atoms becomes significant at temperatures below 150 K. We used heat capacity and resistivity measurements to determine the crystal-field splitting of the Ce3+ magnetic sublevels. It is found that the ground magnetic state for the Ce3+ is a doublet of Jz =12 states, with a first excited quartet of Jz =32 and Jz =52 states separated by 107 K. The resistivity exhibits a shallow minimum at about 11 K, which may be due to the development of partial magnetic order based on these crystal-field-split states. 2008 American Institute of Physics.
Journal of Applied Physics
author list (cited authors)
ner, Y., Goruganti, V., Kamer, O., Guillot, M., & Ross, J. H