Measurement of the −3 keV resonance in the 13C(α,n)16O reaction and its influence on the synthesis of s-process nuclei Conference Paper uri icon


  • The 13C(α,n)16O reaction is the neutron source for the main component of the s-process, responsible of the production of most nuclei in the mass range 90 < A < 204. It is active inside the helium-burning shell in asymptotic giant branch stars, at temperatures < 108 K, corresponding to an energy interval where the 13C(α,n)16O is effective of 140 - 230 keV. In this region, the astrophysical S(E)-factor is dominated by the -3 keV sub-threshold resonance due to the 6.356 MeV level in 17O, giving rise to a steep increase of the S-factor. Notwithstanding that it plays a crucial role in astrophysics, no direct measurements exist. Therefore, we have applied the Trojan Horse Method (THM) to the 13C(6Li,n16O)d quasi-free reaction to achieve an experimental estimate of such contribution. For the first time, the ANC for the 6.356 MeV level has been deduced through the THM as well as the n-partial width, allowing to attain an unprecedented accuracy in the 13C(α,n)16O study. Though a larger ANC for the 6.356 MeV level is measured, our experimental S(E) factor agrees with the most recent extrapolation in the literature in the 140 - 230 keV energy interval, the accuracy being greatly enhanced thanks to this innovative approach. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.

author list (cited authors)

  • La Cognata, M., Spitaleri, C., Trippella, O., Kiss, G. G., Rogachev, G. V., Mukhamedzhanov, A. M., ... Spartà, R.

publication date

  • January 1, 2012 11:11 AM


  • AIP  Publisher