Quasiparticle interaction in nuclear matter with chiral three-nucleon forces
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We derive the effective interaction between two quasiparticles in symmetric nuclear matter resulting from the leading-order chiral three-nucleon force. We restrict our study to the L=0, 1 Landau parameters of the central quasiparticle interaction computed to first order. We find that the three-nucleon force provides substantial repulsion in the isotropic spin- and isospin-independent component F 0 of the interaction. This repulsion acts to stabilize nuclear matter against isoscalar density oscillations, a feature which is absent in calculations employing low-momentum two-nucleon interactions only. We find a rather large uncertainty for the nuclear compression modulus K due to a sensitive dependence on the low-energy constant c 3. The effective nucleon mass M * on the Fermi surface, as well as the nuclear symmetry energy β, receive only small corrections from the leading-order chiral three-body force. Both the anomalous orbital g-factor δg l and the Landau-Migdal parameter gNN' (characterizing the spin-isospin response of nuclear matter) decrease with the addition of three-nucleon correlations. In fact, δg l remains significantly smaller than its value extracted from experimental data, whereas gNN' still compares well with empirical values. The inclusion of the three-nucleon force results in relatively small p-wave (L=1) components of the central quasiparticle interaction, thus suggesting an effective interaction of short range. © 2011 Elsevier B.V..
author list (cited authors)
Holt, J. W., Kaiser, N., & Weise, W.