Shell Model Description of the C14 Dating β Decay with Brown-Rho-Scaled NN Interactions
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We present shell model calculations for the beta decay of 14C to the 14N ground state, treating the states of the A=14 multiplet as two 0p holes in an 16O core. We employ low-momentum nucleon-nucleon (NN) interactions derived from the realistic Bonn-B potential and find that the Gamow-Teller (GT) matrix element is too large to describe the known lifetime. By using a modified version of this potential that incorporates the effects of Brown-Rho scaling medium modifications, we find that the GT matrix element vanishes for a nuclear density around 85% that of nuclear matter. We find that the splitting between the (J(pi),T)=(1(+),0) and (J(pi),T)=(0(+),1) states in 14N is improved using the medium-modified Bonn-B potential and that the transition strengths from excited states of 14C to the 14N ground state are compatible with recent experiments.
author list (cited authors)
Holt, J. W., Brown, G. E., Kuo, T., Holt, J. D., & Machleidt, R.