Yukawa textures in Horava–Witten M-theory
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Recent advances in 11-dimensional Horava-Witten M-theory based on non-standard embeddings with torus fibered Calabi-Yau manifolds have allowed the construction of three generation models with Wilson line breaking to the Standard Model gauge symmetry. Central to these constructions is the existence of a set of 5-branes in the bulk. We examine within this framework the general structure of the matter Yukawa couplings and show that M-theory offers an alternate possible way of achieving the CKM and quark mass hierarchies without introducing undue fine tuning or (as in conventional analysis) small parameters raised to high powers. A phenomenological example is presented in accord with all CKM and quark mass data requiring mainly that the 5-branes cluster near the second orbifold plane, and that the instanton charges of the physical orbifold plane vanish. An explicit example of a three generation model with vanishing physical plane instanton charges based on a torus fibered Calabi-Yau three fold with a del Pezzo base dP7 and Wilson line breaking is constructed. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
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