Rigidifying fluorescent linkers by metal-organic framework formation for fluorescence blue shift and quantum yield enhancement. Academic Article uri icon


  • We demonstrate that rigidifying the structure of fluorescent linkers by structurally constraining them in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) to control their conformation effectively tunes the fluorescence energy and enhances the quantum yield. Thus, a new tetraphenylethylene-based zirconium MOF exhibits a deep-blue fluorescent emission at 470 nm with a unity quantum yield (99.9 0.5%) under Ar, representing ca. 3600 cm(-1) blue shift and doubled radiative decay efficiency vs the linker precursor. An anomalous increase in the fluorescence lifetime and relative intensity takes place upon heating the solid MOF from cryogenic to ambient temperatures. The origin of these unusual photoluminescence properties is attributed to twisted linker conformation, intramolecular hindrance, and framework rigidity.

published proceedings

  • J Am Chem Soc

altmetric score

  • 7

author list (cited authors)

  • Wei, Z., Gu, Z., Arvapally, R. K., Chen, Y., McDougald, R. N., Ivy, J. F., ... Zhou, H.

citation count

  • 450

complete list of authors

  • Wei, Zhangwen||Gu, Zhi-Yuan||Arvapally, Ravi K||Chen, Ying-Pin||McDougald, Roy N||Ivy, Joshua F||Yakovenko, Andrey A||Feng, Dawei||Omary, Mohammad A||Zhou, Hong-Cai

publication date

  • June 2014