Transverse collective flow and midrapidity emission of isotopically identified light charged particles
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The transverse flow and relative midrapidity yield of isotopically identified light charged particles (LCPs) has been examined for the 35 MeV/nucleon 70Zn+70Zn, 64Zn+64Zn, and 64Ni+64Ni systems. A large enhancement of the midrapidity yield of the LCPs was observed relative to the yield near the projectile rapidity. In particular, this enhancement was increased for the more neutron-rich LCPs demonstrating a preference for the production of neutron-rich fragments in the midrapidity region. Additionally, the transverse flow of the LCPs was extracted, which provides insight into the average movement of the particles in the midrapidity region. Isotopic and isobaric effects were observed in the transverse flow of the fragments. In both cases, the transverse flow was shown to decrease with an increasing neutron content in the fragments. A clear inverse relationship between the transverse flow and the relative midrapidity yield is shown. The increased relative midrapidity emission produces a decreased transverse flow. The stochastic mean-field model was used for comparison to the experimental data. The results showed that the model was able to reproduce the general isotopic and isobaric trends for the midrapidity emission and transverse flow. The sensitivity of these observables to the density dependence of the symmetry energy was explored. The results indicate that the transverse flow and midrapidity emission of the LCPs are sensitive to the denisty dependence of the symmetry energy. 2011 American Physical Society.