Functionalizable Hydrophilic Polycarbonate, Poly(5-methyl-5-(2-hydroxypropyl)aminocarbonyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one), Designed as a Degradable Alternative for PHPMA and PEG
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© 2015 American Chemical Society. Drawbacks of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), the most widely used water-soluble polymer in nanomedicines, have stimulated development of alternative hydrophilic polymers. Among the substitutes, poly(N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide) (PHPMA) exhibits water solubility, minimal toxicity, and the possibility to introduce functionalities through pendant hydroxyl groups; however, nondegradability may cause long-term health and environmental issues. Alternatively, polycarbonates based on bis-MPA derivatives, which are well-known to be biocompatible, biodegradable, and of low toxicity in vivo, could be utilized as degradable equivalents to polymethacrylates. Therefore, we developed a polycarbonate-based PHPMA analogue, poly(5-methyl-5-(2-hydroxypropyl)aminocarbonyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one) (PMHPAC), by amidation of carboxylic acid-functional polycarbonates with 1-amino-2-propanol. The resulting PMHPAC was highly water-soluble, with low cyto-/immuno-toxicities, and readily functionalizable. These characteristics make PMHPAC a promising candidate as a degradable alternative to PEG and PHPMA. Furthermore, a fully degradable PMHPAC block copolymer was synthesized to demonstrate synthetic versatility and formation of nanostructures in aqueous solution for potential biomedical applications.
author list (cited authors)
Cho, S., Heo, G. S., Khan, S., Gonzalez, A. M., Elsabahy, M., & Wooley, K. L.