Triple-Shape Memory Polymers Based on Self-Complementary Hydrogen Bonding. Academic Article uri icon


  • Triple shape memory polymers (TSMPs) are a growing subset of a class of smart materials known as shape memory polymers, which are capable of changing shape and stiffness in response to a stimulus. A TSMP can change shapes twice and can fix two metastable shapes in addition to its permanent shape. In this work, a novel TSMP system comprised of both permanent covalent cross-links and supramolecular hydrogen bonding cross-links has been synthesized via a one-pot method. Triple shape properties arise from the combination of the glass transition of (meth)acrylate copolymers and the dissociation of self-complementary hydrogen bonding moieties, enabling broad and independent control of both glass transition temperature (T(g)) and cross-link density. Specifically, ureidopyrimidone methacrylate and a novel monomer, ureidopyrimidone acrylate, were copolymerized with various alkyl acrylates and bisphenol A ethoxylate diacrylate. Control of T(g) from 0 to 60 C is demonstrated: concentration of hydrogen bonding moieties is varied from 0 to 40 wt %; concentration of the diacrylate is varied from 0 to 30 wt %. Toughness ranges from 0.06 to 0.14 MPa and is found to peak near 20 wt % of the supramolecular cross-linker. A widely tunable class of amorphous triple-shape memory polymers has been developed and characterized through dynamic and quasi-static thermomechanical testing to gain insights into the dynamics of supramolecular networks.

published proceedings

  • Macromolecules

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Ware, T., Hearon, K., Lonnecker, A., Wooley, K. L., Maitland, D. J., & Voit, W.

citation count

  • 160

complete list of authors

  • Ware, Taylor||Hearon, Keith||Lonnecker, Alexander||Wooley, Karen L||Maitland, Duncan J||Voit, Walter

publication date

  • January 2012