Heavy-residue isoscaling as a probe of the symmetry energy of hot fragments Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The isoscaling properties of isotopically resolved projectile residues from peripheral collisions of Kr86 (25 MeV/nucleon) Ni64 (25 MeV/nucleon), and Xe136 (20 MeV/nucleon) beams on various target pairs are employed to probe the symmetry energy coefficient of the nuclear binding energy. The present study focuses on heavy projectile fragments produced in peripheral and semiperipheral collisions near the onset of multifragment emission (E*/A=2-3 MeV). For these fragments, the measured average velocities are used to extract excitation energies. The excitation energies, in turn, are used to estimate the temperatures of the fragmenting quasiprojectiles in the framework the Fermi gas model. The isoscaling analysis of the fragment yields provided the isoscaling parameters that, in combination with temperatures and isospin asymmetries provided the symmetry energy coefficient of the nuclear binding energy of the hot fragmenting quasiprojectiles. The extracted values of the symmetry energy coefficient at this excitation energy range (2-3 MeV/nucleon) are lower than the typical liquid-drop model value 25 MeV corresponding to ground-state nuclei and show a monotonic decrease with increasing excitation energy. This result is of importance in the formation of hot nuclei in heavy-ion reactions and in hot stellar environments such as supernova. 2006 The American Physical Society.

published proceedings

  • Physical Review C

author list (cited authors)

  • Souliotis, G. A., Shetty, D. V., Keksis, A., Bell, E., Jandel, M., Veselsky, M., & Yennello, S. J.

citation count

  • 55

complete list of authors

  • Souliotis, GA||Shetty, DV||Keksis, A||Bell, E||Jandel, M||Veselsky, M||Yennello, SJ

publication date

  • February 2006