64Cu Core-labeled nanoparticles with high specific activity via metal-free click chemistry. Academic Article uri icon


  • A novel strategy based on metal-free "click" chemistry was developed for the copper-64 radiolabeling of the core in shell-cross-linked nanoparticles (SCK-NPs). Compared with Cu(I)-catalyzed click chemistry, this metal-free strategy provides the following advantages for Cu-64 labeling of the core of SCK-NPs: (1) elimination of copper exchange between nonradioactive Cu in the catalyst and DOTA-chelated Cu-64; (2) elimination of the internal click reactions between the azide and acetylene groups in the same NPs; and (3) increased efficiency of the click reaction because water-soluble Cu(I) does not need to reach the hydrophobic core of the NPs. When 50 mCi Cu-64 was used for the radiolabeling, the specific activity of the radiolabeled product was 975 Ci/mol at the end of synthesis, which represents the attachment of ca. 500 Cu-64 atoms per SCK-NP, giving in essence a 500-fold amplification of specific activity of the NP over that of the Cu-64 chelate. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest specific activity obtained for Cu-64-labeled nanoparticles.

published proceedings

  • ACS Nano

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Zeng, D., Lee, N. S., Liu, Y., Zhou, D., Dence, C. S., Wooley, K. L., Katzenellenbogen, J. A., & Welch, M. J.

citation count

  • 67

complete list of authors

  • Zeng, Dexing||Lee, Nam S||Liu, Yongjian||Zhou, Dong||Dence, Carmen S||Wooley, Karen L||Katzenellenbogen, John A||Welch, Michael J

publication date

  • June 2012