Electrochemistry of Centered Hexanuclear Zirconium Halide Clusters in Ambient-Temperature Chloroaluminate Molten Salts. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Ambient temperature AlCl(3)-1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (ImCl) molten salts, both basic (40/60 mol % AlCl(3)/ImCl) and acidic (60/40 mol % AlCl(3)/ImCl), were used in an electrochemical investigation of centered hexanuclear zirconium halide clusters. In the basic molten salt, these [(Zr(6)ZCl(12))Cl(6)](n-) (Z = Be, B, C, Mn, Fe) centered clusters exhibit the following electrochemical reactions on a glassy carbon electrode (potentials vs Al/Al(3+)): [(Zr(6)BeCl(12))Cl(6)](n)()(-) + e(-) right harpoon over left harpoon [(Zr(6)BeCl(12))Cl(6)](()(n)()(+1))(-), E(1/2) = -0.613 V (n = 4), E(1/2) = -1.085 V (n = 5); [(Zr(6)BCl(12))Cl(6)](n)()(-) + e(-) right harpoon over left harpoon [(Zr(6)BCl(12))Cl(6)](()(n)()(+1))(-), E(1/2) = -0.365 V (n = 4), E(1/2) = 0.072 V (n = 3); [(Zr(6)CCl(12))Cl(6)](n)()(-) + e(-) right harpoon over left harpoon [(Zr(6)CCl(12))Cl(6)](()(n)()(+1))(-), E(1/2) = 0.230 V (n = 3); [(Zr(6)MnCl(12))Cl(6)](4)(-) + e(-) right harpoon over left harpoon [(Zr(6)MnCl(12))Cl(6)](5)(-), E(1/2) = -0.432 V. In the acidic melt, only electrochemical reactions [(Zr(6)BeCl(12))(AlCl(4))(6)](n)()(-) + e(-) right harpoon over left harpoon [(Zr(6)BeCl(12))(AlCl(4))(6)](()(n)()(+1))(-), E(1/2) = -0.069 V (n = 5), E(1/2) = 0.504 V (n = 4), and [(Zr(6)BCl(12))(AlCl(4))(6)](4)(-) + e(-) right harpoon over left harpoon [(Zr(6)BCl(12))(AlCl(4))(6)](5)(-), E(1/2) = 0.700 V are clearly observed. These data is consistent with less systematic observations of oxidation of these clusters in solution. No unambiguous one-electron electrochemical reduction nor oxidation is observable for the Fe-centered cluster in the ionic liquids. The half-wave potentials of the above reactions of the Be-, B-, C-, and Mn-centered clusters are controlled largely by clusters' charges. This correlation of redox potentials allows a useful direct comparison with data for related hexanuclear niobium clusters in the literature.

author list (cited authors)

  • Sun, D., & Hughbanks, T

complete list of authors

  • Sun, Dong||Hughbanks, Timothy

publication date

  • January 1, 1999 11:11 AM