Isomer-selective study of the OH initiated oxidation of isoprene in the presence of O(2) and NO. I. The minor inner OH-addition channel. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We report isomer-selective kinetics and mechanistic details for the hydroxyl radical-initiated oxidation of isoprene, in the presence of O(2) and NO, employing complementary experimental and theoretical techniques. Using a recently demonstrated photolytic route to initiate isomer-selective kinetics in OH-initiated oxidation of unsaturated hydrocarbons via the UV photolysis of iodohydrins, the photolysis of 1-iodo-2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol results in a single isomer of the possible four OH-isoprene adducts, specifically the minor channel associated with OH addition to one of the inner carbon atoms. Employing both the laser-photolysis/laser-induced fluorescence (LP/LIF) technique and time-dependent multiplexed photoionization mass spectrometry, we find clear experimental evidence supporting the prompt rearrangement of the initially formed beta-hydroxyalkyl radicals to alpha-hydroxyalkyl radicals, in agreement with Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus (RRKM)/master equation predictions. We have determined a rate constant of (3.3 +/- 0.5) x 10(-11) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) for molecular oxygen to abstract a hydrogen atom from the alpha-hydroxyalkyl radical to form 4-penten-2-one and HO(2). This reaction provides a mechanistic route to C(5) carbonyl species as first-generation end products for the addition of hydroxyl radical to isoprene in the presence of O(2) and NO.

published proceedings

  • J Phys Chem A

author list (cited authors)

  • Greenwald, E. E., Ghosh, B., Anderson, K. C., Dooley, K. S., Zou, P., Selby, T., ... North, S. W.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Greenwald, Erin E||Ghosh, Buddhadeb||Anderson, Katie C||Dooley, Kristin S||Zou, Peng||Selby, Talitha||Osborn, David L||Meloni, Giovanni||Taatjes, Craig A||Goulay, Fabien||North, Simon W

publication date

  • November 2009