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  • Oxidation of quadruply bonded Cr2(dpa)4, Mo2(dpa)4, MoW(dpa)4, and W2(dpa)4 (dpa = 2,2'-dipyridylamido) with 2 equiv of silver(I) triflate or ferrocenium triflate results in the formation of the two-electron-oxidized products [Cr2(dpa)4](2+) (1), [Mo2(dpa)4](2+) (2), [MoW(dpa)4](2+) (3), and [W2(dpa)4](2+) (4). Additional two-electron oxidation and oxygen atom transfer by m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid results in the formation of the corresponding metal-oxo compounds [Mo2O(dpa)4](2+) (5), [WMoO(dpa)4](2+) (6), and [W2O(dpa)4](2+) (7), which feature an unusual linear MMO structure. Crystallographic studies of the two-electron-oxidized products 2, 3, and 4, which have the appropriate number of orbitals and electrons to form metal-metal triple bonds, show bond distances much longer (by >0.5 ) than those in established triply bonded compounds, but these compounds are nonetheless diamagnetic. In contrast, the Cr-Cr bond is completely severed in 1, and the resulting two isolated Cr(3+) magnetic centers couple antiferromagnetically with J/kB= -108(3) K [-75(2) cm(-1)], as determined by modeling of the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility. Density functional theory (DFT) and multiconfigurational methods (CASSCF/CASPT2) provide support for "stretched" and weak metal-metal triple bonds in 2, 3, and 4. The metal-metal distances in the metal-oxo compounds 5, 6, and 7 are elongated beyond the single-bond covalent radii of the metal atoms. DFT and CASSCF/CASPT2 calculations suggest that the metal atoms have minimal interaction; the electronic structure of these complexes is used to rationalize their multielectron redox reactivity.

published proceedings

  • Inorg Chem

author list (cited authors)

  • Brogden, D. W., Turov, Y., Nippe, M., Li Manni, G., Hillard, E. A., Clrac, R., Gagliardi, L., & Berry, J. F.

publication date

  • January 1, 2014 11:11 AM