Aflatoxin–albumin adducts and correlation with decreased serum levels of vitamins A and E in an adult Ghanaian population Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • A study of aflatoxin (AF) exposure and the levels of vitamins A and E was carried out with a group of 507 Ghanaian participants. AFB(1)-albumin adducts (AFB-AA) were measured by radioimmunoassay and vitamins A and E were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The average level of serum AFB-AA was 0.94 +/- 0.64 (range = 0.1-4.44) pmol mg(-1) albumin. Mean levels of vitamins A and E were 1.32 +/- 0.48 (range = 0.41-4.85) micromol l(-1) and 15.68 +/- 4.12 (range = 6.35-30.40) micromol l(-1), respectively. A significantly negative correlation was found between serum AFB-AA and vitamin A levels (r = -0.110, p = 0.013). An even stronger, significant negative, correlation was found between serum AFB-AA and vitamin E levels (r = -0.149, p < 0.001). Serum AFB-AA levels were statistically higher (median = 0.985 pmol mg(-1) albumin) in subjects who had low levels of both vitamins A and E as compared with the levels (median = 0.741 pmol mg(-1) albumin) subjects who had high vitamins A and E levels (p(trend) = 0.001). To verify these findings, blood samples were again collected from 165 of the 507 people 3 months after the initial collection. Significantly negative correlations were confirmed between levels of serum AFB-AA and both vitamins A (r = -0.232, p = 0.003) and E (r = -0.178, p = 0.023). Again, high serum AFB-AA concentrations (median = 1.578 pmol mg(-1) albumin) were found in subjects with low levels of vitamins A and E compared with the concentrations (median = 1.381 pmol mg(-1) albumin) in subjects with high levels of vitamins A and E (p(trend) = 0.002). These data show that AF exposure was associated with decreased levels of serum vitamins A and E in high-risk human populations, which may significantly influence the incidence of AF-related adverse health effects.

author list (cited authors)

  • Tang, L., Xu, L., Afriyie-Gyawu, E., Liu, W., Wang, P., Tang, Y., ... Phillips, T. D.

citation count

  • 24

complete list of authors

  • Tang, L||Xu, L||Afriyie-Gyawu, E||Liu, W||Wang, P||Tang, Y||Wang, Z||Huebner, HJ||Ankrah, N-A||Ofori-Adjei, D||Williams, JH||Wang, J-S||Phillips, TD

publication date

  • January 2009