Kinetic C-H oxidative addition vs thermodynamic C-X oxidative addition of chlorobenzene by a neutral Rh(I) system. A density functional theory study. Academic Article uri icon


  • Density functional theory (DFT) is used to explore competitive C-H and C-Cl oxidative additions (OA) of chlorobenzene by the neutral Rh(I) complex: (PNP)Rh(I) [PNP = bis(Z-2-(dimethylphosphino)vinyl)amino]. Consistent with experimental results, our calculation shows that C-Cl OA (DeltaG(double dagger) = 16.0 kcal x mol(-1)) is kinetically competitive with C-H OA (DeltaG(double dagger) = 16.7 kcal x mol(-1)) and that the C-Cl OA is thermodynamically preferred by 28.3 kcal x mol(-1) over the most stable C-H OA product. Hence, the only experimentally observed product was from C-Cl OA.

published proceedings

  • J Phys Chem A

author list (cited authors)

  • Wu, H., & Hall, M. B.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Wu, Hong||Hall, Michael B

publication date

  • October 2009