Mechanistic studies on thiamin phosphate synthase: evidence for a dissociative mechanism.
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Thiamin phosphate synthase catalyzes the coupling of 4-methyl-5-(beta-hydroxyethyl)thiazole phosphate (Thz-P) and 4-amino-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyrimidine pyrophosphate (HMP-PP) to give thiamin phosphate. In this paper, we demonstrate that 4-amino-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine pyrophosphate (CF(3)-HMP-PP) is a very poor substrate [k(cat)(CH(3)) > 7800k(cat)(CF(3))] and that 4-amino-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methoxypyrimidine pyrophosphate (CH(3)O-HMP-PP) is a good substrate [k(cat)(OCH(3)) > 2.8k(cat)(CH(3))] for the enzyme. We also demonstrate that the enzyme catalyzes positional isotope exchange. These observations are consistent with a dissociative mechanism (S(N)1 like) for thiamin phosphate synthase in which the pyrimidine pyrophosphate dissociates to give a reactive pyrimidine intermediate which is then trapped by the thiazole moiety.
author list (cited authors)
Reddick, J. J., Nicewonger, R., & Begley, T. P.
complete list of authors
Reddick, JJ||Nicewonger, R||Begley, TP