Thiaminase I (42 kDa) heterogeneity, sequence refinement, and active site location from high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry. Academic Article uri icon


  • Thiaminase I (E.C. 2.5. 1.2) from Bacillus thiaminolyticus catalyzes the degradation of thiamin (vitamin B1). Unexpected mass heterogeneity (MW 42,127, 42,197, and 42,254; 1:2:1) in recombinant thiaminase I from Escherichia coli was detected by electrospray ionization Fourier-transform mass spectrometry, resolving power 710(4). Nozzle-skimmer fragmentation data reveal an extra Ala (+71.02; 71.04=theory) and GlyAla (+128.04; 128.06=theory) on the N-terminus, in addition to the fully processed enzyme. However, the fragment ion masses were consistent only with this sequence through 330 N-terminal residues; resequencing of the last 150 bps of the thiaminase I gene yields a sequence consistent with the molecular weight values and all 61 fragment ion masses. Covalently labeling the active site with a 108-Da pyrimidine moiety via mechanism-based inhibition produces a corresponding molecular weight increase in all three thiaminase I components, which indicates that they are all enzymatically active. Inspection of the fragment ions that do and do not increase by 108 Da indicates that the active site nucleophile is located between Pro(79) and Thr(177) in the 379 amino acid enzyme.

published proceedings

  • J Am Soc Mass Spectrom

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Kelleher, N. L., Costello, C. A., Begley, T. P., & McLafferty, F. W.

citation count

  • 49

complete list of authors

  • Kelleher, NL||Costello, CA||Begley, TP||McLafferty, FW

publication date

  • October 1995