Unique reactivity of a tetradentate N(2)S(2) complex of nickel: intermediates in the production of sulfur oxygenates.
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Complex 1 [(N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-bis(2-sulfanylethyl)ethylenediamine)nickel(II)], previously shown to react with H(2)O(2) to produce the fully oxygenated disulfonate 5 [diaqua(N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-bis(2-sulfonatoethyl)ethylenediamine)nickel(II)], has been explored in detail to explain the observed reactivity of this compound and to discern intermediates in the oxygenation reaction. Reaction of 1 with 1 equiv of methyl iodide results in the monomethylated square-planar nickel complex 2 [[(N,N'-dimethyl-N-(2-sulfanylethyl)-N'-(2-methylthioethyl)(ethylenediamine)nickel(II)] iodide], while a slight excess of methyl iodide results in the dimethylated complex 3 [diiodo(N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-bis(2-methylthioethyl)ethylenediamine)nickel(II)], an X-ray structure of which has shown that the nickel ion is in an octahedral N(2)S(2)I(2) environment. Crystal data of 3: monoclinic, a = 8.865(3) A, b = 14.419(4) A, c = 14.389(6) A, beta = 100.19(3) degrees, V = 1810.2(12) A(3), space group P2(1)/n, Z = 4. The equatorial positions are occupied by the two cis-amine N-atoms and the coordinated iodides, while the axial positions are occupied by the thioether sulfur atoms. In organic solvents, the dithiolate complex 1 reacts with molecular oxygen or H(2)O(2) to produce the mixed sulfinato/thiolato complex 4 [(N,N'-dimethyl-N-(2-sulfanylethyl)-N'-(2-sulfinatoethyl)(ethylenediamine)nickel(II)], and the fully oxidized product 5. X-ray analysis of complex 4 reveals a square-planar geometry in which the nickel ion is coordinated by two cis-amine nitrogens, one thiolate sulfur donor, and one sulfinato sulfur donor. Crystal data of 4: orthorhombic, a = 11.659(2) A, b = 13.119(3) A, c = 16.869(3) A, V = 2580.2(9) A(3), space group Pbca, Z = 8. This complex is the only intermediate in the oxygenation reaction that could be isolated, and it is shown to be further reactive toward O(2) to yield the fully oxidized product 5. For a better understanding of the reactivity observed for 4, DFT calculations have been undertaken, which show a possible reaction path toward the fully oxidized product 5.