Separation of oxidized americium from lanthanides by use of pillared metal(IV) phosphate-phosphonate hybrid materials Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Abstract Closing the nuclear fuel cycle in the US poses many challenges, one of which is found in the waste streams, which contain both trivalent lanthanides and actinides. The separation of americium from the raffinate will dramatically reduce the long-term radiotoxicity of the waste. The sorption of americium in both the tri- and pentavalent oxidation states was observed for four M(IV) phosphate-phosphonate ion exchange materials in nitric acid at pH2. High selectivity was observed for reduced Am(III) with K d values ca. 6105mL/g, while the K d values for Am(V) were much lower. Anew method of synthesizing and stabilizing AmO2 + to yield alifetime of at least 24h in acidic media using acombination of sodium persulfate and calcium hypochlorite will be described.

published proceedings

  • Radiochimica Acta

author list (cited authors)

  • Burns, J. D., Borkowski, M., Clearfield, A., & Reed, D. T.

citation count

  • 15

complete list of authors

  • Burns, JD||Borkowski, Marian||Clearfield, A||Reed, Donald T

publication date

  • November 2012