Rates of Exchange of Cs+ and Sr2+ for Poorly Crystalline Sodium Titanium Silicate (CST) in Nuclear Waste Systems Academic Article uri icon


  • The compound sodium titanium silicate, popularly known as CST, is highly selective for Cs +. It was synthesized for the purpose of removing 137Cs from basic nuclear waste systems. This compound has a tunnel structure in which the Cs + ion just fits but diffusion through the tunnels is relatively slow. CST loses its ability to sequester Cs + in the strongly basic nuclear waste solutions. However, replacement of titanium with 25 mol% of niobium increases the selectivity to a satisfactory level. It has been found that producing a less crystalline form of Nb-CST greatly improves the rate of Cs + removal. Additionally, the non-niobium CST is selective for strontium both as Sr 2+ and Sr(OH) +. It is suggested that both radioisotopes of cesium and strontium may be efficiently extracted by a combination of a mixture of poorly crystalline CST and Nb-CST. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

author list (cited authors)

  • Clearfield, A., Medvedev, D. G., Kerlegon, S., Bosser, T., Burns, J. D., & Jackson, M.

citation count

  • 19

publication date

  • May 2012