Ion Exchange Properties of a Cesium Ion Selective Titanosilicate
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The ion exchange properties of crystalline and amorphous phases of a sodium titanosilicate towards alkali and alkaline earth cations has been examined. Potentiometric titration of the crystalline phase in the proton form, H2Ti2O3(SiO4), showed that 80% of the sodium ion sites could be occupied to pH=12 and only 25% of the exchange sites could be filled by Cs+. However, when an equal concentration of Na+ was present in the Cs+ solution, the cesium loading was reduced to 5.6% (0.47 meq/g) of the theoretical IEC. This loading is further reduced to less than 0.1 meq/g in solutions approximating the sodium content of nuclear waste solutions, i.e. 5-6M NaNO3, 1-3 M NaOH. This low capacity limits the usefulness of this exchanger to waste solutions less than 10-5-10-6 M in Cs+. The amorphous phase exhibits a very high affinity for Sr2+ but also for Ba2+ and Ca2+ in alkaline solution. These ions could serve as interferences for selective Sr2+ removal from nuclear waste solutions. Sodium titanium silicate has a tunnel structure. The low capacity of the exchanger for Cs+ stems from the fact that only a few of the exchange sites can be filled with Cs+ in the presence of Na+ and still maintain charge balance.
author list (cited authors)
Bortun, A. I., Bortun, L. N., & Clearfield, A.