Structural differences of metal biphenylenebisphosphonate with change in the alkali metal
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A series of monovalent biphenylenebisphosphonates have been prepared using hydrothermal synthesis resulting in a composition M[HO 3PC 12H 8PO 3H 2] where M=Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs. Three of the original four phosphonic acid protons are retained, making the compounds Brönsted acids. A synthesis using microwave irradiation results in a new compound, Na 2(HO 3PC 12H 8PO 3H), where only two protons are retained. Two structural types were found for the three-dimensional compounds where one type has a continuous inorganic layer. In the other structural type, the inorganic layer is formed by hydrogen bonding between neighboring chains. These structural variations arise as the coordination number changes from 4 for lithium to 8 for cesium without change in composition. The dense packing of the biphenylenebisphosphonate restricts the access to the protons, thus these compounds cannot be used as Brönsted acid catalysts. Alternatively, addition of N,N-dimethylformamide to the reaction mixture results in inclusion of ammonium ions in the cavities. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Kinnibrugh, T. L., Garcia, N., & Clearfield, A.