Profile of Mood States Research in Sport and Exercise Psychology: Past, Present, and Future Academic Article uri icon


  • A review was conducted of the sport and exercise literature for the years 1971 to early 1998 in which the Profile of Mood States (POMS) figured prominently. Analyses indicated that there were 258 published articles in which the POMS was used with athletic or exercise samples during this time period. Of these articles, 226 were data-based and the remainder dealt with general, theoretical, or psychometric issues. Prominent journals publishing the data-based research, leading authors, sport samples used, gender issues, and temporal trends in the use of the POMS were noted. Anticipated future developments include: improvements in research methodologies used to study relationships among sport, exercise, and mood; continued validation of abbreviated forms of the scale as well as a form for use with youth samples; and increased utilization of the POMS for mood profiling. 2000 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Applied Sport Psychology

author list (cited authors)

  • Leunes, A., & Burger, J.

citation count

  • 66

complete list of authors

  • Leunes, Arnold||Burger, Jolee

publication date

  • January 2000