Individuals with single versus multiple suicide attempts over 10years of prospective follow-up. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: The study attempted to identify characteristics that differentiate multiple suicide attempters from single attempters in individuals with personality disorders (PDs) and/or major depression. METHOD: Participants were 431 participants enrolled in the Collaborative Longitudinal Study of Personality Disorders from July 1996 to June 2008. Suicide attempts were assessed with the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation at 6 and 12months, then yearly through 10years. Logistic regression was used to compare single attempters to multiple attempters on Axis I and II psychiatric disorders and personality trait variables. RESULTS: Twenty-one percent of participants attempted suicide during the 10years of observation, with 39 (9.0%) reporting a single suicide attempt and 54 (12.5%) reporting multiple suicide attempts. Although no significant differences in were found in baseline Axis I disorders, multiple attempters were significantly more likely to meet criteria for borderline personality disorder and to have higher impulsivity scores than single attempters. CONCLUSION: These results underscore the importance of considering both personality disorders and traits in the assessment of suicidality.

published proceedings

  • Compr Psychiatry

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Boisseau, C. L., Yen, S., Markowitz, J. C., Grilo, C. M., Sanislow, C. A., Shea, M. T., ... McGlashan, T. H

citation count

  • 41

complete list of authors

  • Boisseau, Christina L||Yen, Shirley||Markowitz, John C||Grilo, Carlos M||Sanislow, Charles A||Shea, M Tracie||Zanarini, Mary C||Skodol, Andrew E||Gunderson, John G||Morey, Leslie C||McGlashan, Thomas H

publication date

  • April 2013