Passive-aggressive personality disorder: the demise of a syndrome. Academic Article uri icon


  • This article presents an explanation and critique of the rationale for dropping passive-aggressive personality disorder (PAPD) from DSM-IV. The clinical and research literature on PAPD is reviewed along with the historical changes in definition, diagnostic criteria, and usage. PAPD can be reliably diagnosed, is fairly prevalent, and has good internal consistency. Because PAPD is no less valid than other personality disorders, and describes clinical phenomena that are unique among personality disorders, we recommend the reinstatement of PAPD in the official diagnostic nomenclature.

published proceedings

  • Psychiatry

altmetric score

  • 3.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Wetzler, S., & Morey, L. C

citation count

  • 24

complete list of authors

  • Wetzler, S||Morey, LC

publication date

  • February 1999