The carboxyl-terminal 120-residue polypeptide of infectious bronchitis virus nucleocapsid induces cytotoxic T lymphocytes and protects chickens from acute infection.
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Specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses to nucleocapsid of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) were identified by using target cells infected with a Semliki Forest virus (SFV) vector. Effector cells for CTL assays were collected from chickens infected with the Gray strain of IBV or inoculated with a DNA plasmid encoding nucleocapsid proteins. IBV-specific CTL epitopes were mapped within the carboxyl-terminal 120 amino acids of the nucleocapsid protein. CTL lysis of target cells infected with SFV encoding nucleocapsid was major histocompatibility complex restricted and mediated by CD8+ T cells. In addition, splenic T cells collected from chickens inoculated in the breast muscle with a DNA plasmid encoding this CTL epitope(s) recognized target cells infected with wild-type virus or an SFV vector encoding nucleocapsid proteins. CTL activity of splenic T cells collected from chicks immunized with a DNA plasmid encoding CTL epitopes was cross-reactive, in that lysis of target cells infected with serologically distinct strains of IBV was dose responsive in a manner similar to that for lysis of target cells infected with the homologous strain of IBV. Furthermore, chickens immunized with a DNA plasmid encoding a CTL epitope(s) were protected from acute viral infection.
author list (cited authors)
Seo, S. H., Wang, L., Smith, R., & Collisson, E. W.
complete list of authors
Seo, SH||Wang, L||Smith, R||Collisson, EW