Groupoid normalizers of tensor products
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We consider an inclusion B M of finite von Neumann algebras satisfying B M B. A partial isometry v M is called a groupoid normalizer if v B v * , v * B v B. Given two such inclusions B i M i , i = 1, 2, we find approximations to the groupoid normalizers of B 1 over(, -) B 2 in M 1 over(, -) M 2 , from which we deduce that the von Neumann algebra generated by the groupoid normalizers of the tensor product is equal to the tensor product of the von Neumann algebras generated by the groupoid normalizers. Examples are given to show that this can fail without the hypothesis B i M i B i , i = 1, 2. We also prove a parallel result where the groupoid normalizers are replaced by the intertwiners, those partial isometries v M satisfying v B v * B and v * v, v v * B. 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.