Role of the Hydroxyl−Water Hydrogen-Bond Network in Structural Transitions and Selectivity toward Cesium in Cs0.38(D1.08H0.54)SiTi2O7·(D0.86H0.14)2O Crystalline Silicotitanate
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The crystal structure of the selective Cs+ ion exchanger D1.6H0.4Ti2SiO7.D2.66H0.34O1.5, known as crystalline silicotitanate or CST, has been determined in both native (D-CST) and in the Cs+-exchanged forms ((Cs, D)-CST) from angle-dispersive and time-of-flight neutron diffraction studies. The final fully exchange Cs+ form transformed from D-CST with unit cell parameters a = 11.0704(3) A c = 11.8917(5) A and space group P42/mbc, to one with a = 7.8902(1) A c = 11.9051(4) A and space group P42/mcm. Rietveld structure refinements of both D-CST and (Cs, D)-CST suggest the transition, and ultimately the selectivity, is driven by changes in the positions of water molecules, in response to the initial introduction of Cs+. The changes in water position appear to disrupt the D-O-O-D dihedral associated with the CST framework in space group P42/mbc which ultimately leads to the structural transition. The new geometric arrangement of the water-deuteroxyl network in (Cs, D)-CST suggests that Dwater-Ddeuteroxyl repulsion forced by Cs+ exchange drives the structural transformation.
author list (cited authors)
Celestian, A. J., Parise, J. B., Smith, R. I., Toby, B. H., & Clearfield, A.