Remembering and Misremembering Emotions Chapter uri icon


  • 2006 by Lawrence J. Sanna and Edward C. Chang. All rights reserved. This chapter describes different ways that emotions are represented in memory, whether representations of past emotions are accurate, and the sources and direction of bias when they are inaccurate. It also reviews evidence that both explicit and implicit memories for emotions are subject to forgetting and bias. In addition, it argues that the direction of bias depends on current goals and appraisals of the emotion-eliciting event, as well as recent or current emotional experience. It is noted that emotions can be stored in memory at different levels, but both explicit and implicit memories for emotions become increasingly malleable over time. Furthermore, it examines how memory for emotion influences future feelings, cognitions, and behaviors.

author list (cited authors)

  • Levine, L. J., Safer, M. A., & Lench, H. C.

complete list of authors

  • Levine, Linda J||Safer, Martin A||Lench, Heather C

Book Title

  • Judgments Over TimeThe Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors

publication date

  • March 2006