Development of a Short form for the Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices Test Academic Article uri icon


  • The Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices Test (APM) is a popular measure of higher order general cognitive ability (g). Its use in both basic research and applied settings is partially attributable to its apparent low level of culture loading. However, a major drawback curtailing more widespread use is its length; the APM is a 36-item power test with an administration time of 40-60 minutes. The present study reports on the development of a 12-item short form of the APM that demonstrates psychometric properties similar to the long form, but with a substantially shorter administration time. The ultimate goal is to provide researchers and practitioners with a version of the APM that can better meet their needs by providing a sound assessment of general intelligence in a shorter time frame than is available with the present form.

published proceedings

  • Educational and Psychological Measurement

author list (cited authors)

  • Arthur, W., & Day, D. V

citation count

  • 193

complete list of authors

  • Arthur, Winfred||Day, David V

publication date

  • June 1994