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Supervisory ratings of subordinate performance were used to compare two variations of the systematic distortion hypothesis: an implicit covariance model and a general impression (GI) model. Our purpose was to assess whether a model specifying a set of correlated performance dimensions or a model specifying a single, GI factor provided the best representation of actual supervisory performance ratings (N = 491). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test a first-order correlated factor (i.e., implicit covariance) model against a second-order hierarchical (i.e., GI) model. The results generally supported the latter perspective whereby a GI is thought to serve as the basis for subsequent dimensional judgments, which in turn serve as the basis for individual item ratings. The implications of these results with respect to rater training and rating accuracy are discussed. 1995, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.
Basic and Applied Social Psychology
author list (cited authors)
Woehr, D. J., Day, D. V., Arthur, Jr., W., & Bedeian, A. G.