Pathway bridge based multiobjective optimization approach for lurking pathway prediction. Academic Article uri icon


  • Ovarian carcinoma immunoreactive antigen-like protein 2 (OCIAD2) is a protein with unknown function. Frequently methylated or downregulated, OCIAD2 has been observed in kinds of tumors, and TGF signaling has been proved to induce the expression of OCIAD2. However, current pathway analysis tools do not cover the genes without reported interactions like OCIAD2 and also miss some significant genes with relatively lower expression. To investigate potential biological milieu of OCIAD2, especially in cancer microenvironment, a nova approach pbMOO was created to find the potential pathways from TGF to OCIAD2 by searching on the pathway bridge, which consisted of cancer enriched looping patterns from the complicated entire protein interactions network. The pbMOO approach was further applied to study the modulator of ligand TGF1, receptor TGFR1, intermediate transfer proteins, transcription factor, and signature OCIAD2. Verified by literature and public database, the pathway TGF1-TGFR1-SMAD2/3-SMAD4/AR-OCIAD2 was detected, which concealed the androgen receptor (AR) which was the possible transcription factor of OCIAD2 in TGFsignal, and it well explained the mechanism of TGF induced OCIAD2 expression in cancer microenvironment, therefore providing an important clue for the future functional analysis of OCIAD2 in tumor pathogenesis.

published proceedings

  • Biomed Res Int

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, R., Zhao, C., Xiong, Z., & Zhou, X.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Rengjing||Zhao, Chen||Xiong, Zixiang||Zhou, Xiaobo

publication date

  • January 2014