Microwave scattering properties of sand particles: Application to the simulation of microwave radiances over sandstorms Academic Article uri icon


  • The single-scattering properties of sand/dust particles assumed to be ellipsoids are computed from the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) method at microwave frequencies 6.9-89.0 GHz in comparison with the corresponding Lorenz-Mie solutions. It is found that the single-scattering properties of sand particles are strongly sensitive to the shapes of the particles. The bulk scattering properties of sandstorms composed of spherical or nonspherical particles are investigated by averaging the single-scattering properties of these particles over log-normal particle size distributions. Furthermore, a vector radiative transfer model is used to simulate microwave radiances. The microwave brightness temperatures in the vertical polarization model are essentially not sensitive to sand particle habit, whereas microwave brightness temperature polarization differences are influenced by particle habit. It is shown that microwave brightness temperatures and brightness temperature polarization differences may be useful for estimating the effective particle sizes and mass loading of sandstorms. 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Hong, G., Yang, P., Weng, F., & Liu, Q.

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Hong, Gang||Yang, Ping||Weng, Fuzhong||Liu, Quanhua

publication date

  • March 2008