A numerical combination of extended boundary condition method and invariant imbedding method applied to light scattering by large spheroids and cylinders Academic Article uri icon


  • The extended boundary condition method (EBCM) and invariant imbedding method (IIM) are two fundamentally different T-matrix methods for the solution of light scattering by nonspherical particles. The standard EBCM is very efficient but encounters a loss of precision when the particle size is large, the maximum size being sensitive to the particle aspect ratio. The IIM can be applied to particles in a relatively large size parameter range but requires extensive computational time due to the number of spherical layers in the particle volume discretization. A numerical combination of the EBCM and the IIM (hereafter, the EBCM+IIM) is proposed to overcome the aforementioned disadvantages of each method. Even though the EBCM can fail to obtain the T-matrix of a considered particle, it is valuable for decreasing the computational domain (i.e., the number of spherical layers) of the IIM by providing the initial T-matrix associated with an iterative procedure in the IIM. The EBCM+IIM is demonstrated to be more efficient than the IIM in obtaining the optical properties of large size parameter particles beyond the convergence limit of the EBCM. The numerical performance of the EBCM+IIM is illustrated through representative calculations in spheroidal and cylindrical particle cases. 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Bi, L., Yang, P., Kattawar, G. W., & Mishchenko, M. I.

citation count

  • 50

complete list of authors

  • Bi, Lei||Yang, Ping||Kattawar, George W||Mishchenko, Michael I

publication date

  • July 2013