Parameterization of shortwave cloud optical properties for a mixture of ice particle habits for use in atmospheric models
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On the basis of single-scattering optical properties precomputed with an improved geometric optics method, the bulk absorption coefficient, single-scattering albedo, and asymmetry factor of ice particles have been parameterized as a function of the effective particle size of a mixture of ice habits, the ice water amount, and spectral band. The parameterization has been applied to computing fluxes for sample clouds with various particle size distributions and assumed mixtures of particle habits. It is found that flux calculations are not overly sensitive to the assumed particle habits if the definition of the effective particle size is consistent with the particle habits on which the parameterization is based. Otherwise, the error in the flux calculations could reach a magnitude unacceptable for climate studies. Different from many previous studies, the parameterization requires only an effective particle size representing all ice habits in a cloud layer but not the effective size of individual ice habits. Copyright 2002 by the American Geophysical Union.
author list (cited authors)
Chou, M., Lee, K., & Yang, P.