Angular distribution of diffuse reflectance from incoherent multiple scattering in turbid media. Academic Article uri icon


  • The angular distribution of diffuse reflection is elucidated with greater understanding by studying a homogeneous turbid medium. We modeled the medium as an infinite slab and studied the reflection dependence on the following three parameters: the incident direction, optical depth, and asymmetry factor. The diffuse reflection is produced by incoherent multiple scattering and is solved through radiative transfer theory. At large optical depths, the angular distribution of the diffuse reflection with small incident angles is similar to that of a Lambertian surface, but, with incident angles larger than 60, the angular distributions have a prominent reflection peak around the specular reflection angle. These reflection peaks are found originating from the scattering within one transport mean free path in the top layer of the medium. The maximum reflection angles for different incident angles are analyzed and can characterize the structure of angular distributions for different asymmetry factors and optical depths. The properties of the angular distribution can be applied to more complex systems for a better understanding of diffuse reflection.

published proceedings

  • Appl Opt

author list (cited authors)

  • Gao, M., Huang, X., Yang, P., & Kattawar, G. W.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Gao, M||Huang, X||Yang, P||Kattawar, GW

publication date

  • August 2013