Heterogeneous Chemistry of Alkylamines with Sulfuric Acid: Implications for Atmospheric Formation of Alkylaminium Sulfates
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The heterogeneous interaction of alkylamines with sulfuric acid has been investigated to assess the role of amines in aerosol growth through the formation of alkylaminium sulfates. The kinetic experiments were conducted in a low-pressure fast flow reactor coupled to an ion drift-chemical ionization mass spectrometer (ID-CIMS). The measurements of heterogeneous uptake of methylamine, dimethylamine, and trimethylamine were performed in the acidity range of 59-82 wt % H(2)SO(4) and between 243 and 283 K. Irreversible reactive uptakes were observed for all three alkylamines, with comparable uptake coefficients (gamma) in the range of 2.0 x 10(-2) to 4.4 x 10(-2). The measured gamma value was slightly higher in more concentrated sulfuric acid and at lower temperatures. The results imply that the heterogeneous reactions of alkylamines contribute effectively to the growth of atmospheric acidic particles and, hence, secondary organic aerosol formation.
author list (cited authors)
Wang, L., Lal, V., Khalizov, A. F., & Zhang, R.